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International Conversions Chart

Video to (NTSC formats)

Video to (PAL/SECAM formats)

COLOUR TV STANDARDS AND DVD REGIONS


We at TMTV have put together the following chart listing countries and their corresponding color TV standards and DVD regions. We have tried to be as accurate as possible, despite contradicting information found in books and manuals, and the fact that there are new countries, and some have changed their names. Other countries have an "official" TV standard, but new cable companies are broadcasting in a different system, or programs are received from beyond their borders, and there is some confusion about which is the system being used locally. We will appreciate any information you can provide to help us refine and correct the chart. Please use the E-mail links at the bottom of the page to send in your comments. Thank you.

COUNTRY

VHF

UHF DVD REGIONS

AFGHANISTAN

PAL/SECAM B

   5

ALBANIA

PAL B

PAL G  2

ALGERIA

PAL B

PAL G  5

ANGOLA

PAL I

   5

ARGENTINA

PAL N

PAL N  4

AUSTRALIA

PAL B

PAL G  4

AUSTRIA

PAL B

PAL G  2

AZORES

PAL B

   

BAHAMAS

NTSC M

   4

BAHRAIN

PAL B

PAL G  2

BANGLADESH

PAL B

   5

BARBADOS

NTSC M

   4

BELGIUM

PAL B

PAL H  2

BERMUDA

NTSC M

   

BOLIVIA

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

BOTSWANA

PAL I

   5

BRAZIL

PAL M

PAL M  4

BRUNEI

PAL B

PAL B  

BULGARIA

SECAM D

SECAM K  2

BURKINA FASO

SECAM K1

   5

BURMA

NTSC M

   

BURUNDI

SECAM K1

   5

CAMBODIA

NTSC M

   3

CAMEROON

PAL B

PAL G  5

CANADA

NTSC M

NTSC M  1

CANARY ISLANDS

PAL B

   2

CHAD

SECAM K1

   5

CHILE

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

CHINA

PAL D

   6

COLOMBIA

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

COSTA RICA

NTSC M

NTSC M  4
CROATIA PAL B PAL G  2

CUBA

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

CYPRUS

PAL B

PAL G  

CZECH REPUBLIC

PAL D

PAL K  2

DAHOMEY

SECAM K1

   

DENMARK

PAL B

PAL G  2

DJIBOUTI

SECAM B

SECAM G  5

DOMINICAN REP

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

ECUADOR

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

EGYPT

SECAM B/PAL B

SECAM G/PAL G  2

EL SALVADOR

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

EQUAT. GUINEA

PAL B

   5

ESTONIA

PAL B (was SECAM)

PAL D  5

ETHIOPIA

PAL B

PAL G  5

FIJI

PAL B

   

FINLAND

PAL B

PAL G  2

FRANCE

SECAM L

SECAM L  2

FRENCH POLYNESIA

SECAM K1

   

GABON

SECAM K1

   5 

GAMBIA

PAL I

   5

GERMANY

PAL B

PAL G  2

GHANA

PAL B

PAL G  5

GIBRALTAR

PAL B

PAL H  2

GREECE

PAL B (was SECAM)

PAL G  2

GREENLAND

NTSC/PAL B

   2

GUADELOUPE

SECAM K1

   

GUAM

NTSC M

   1

GUATEMALA

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

GUINEA

PAL K

   5

GUYANA (FRENCH)

SECAM K1

   4

HONDURAS

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

HONG KONG

--

PAL I  3

HUNGARY

SECAM D/PAL

SECAM K/PAL  2

ICELAND

PAL B

PAL G  2

INDIA

PAL B

   5

INDONESIA

PAL B

PAL G  3

IRAN

SECAM B

SECAM G  2

IRAQ

SECAM B

   2

IRELAND

PAL I

PAL I  2

ISRAEL

PAL B

PAL G  2

ITALY

PAL B

PAL G  2

IVORY COAST

SECAM K1

   5

JAMAICA

NTSC M

   4

JAPAN

NTSC M

NTSC M  2

JORDAN

PAL B

PAL G  2

KENYA

PAL B

PAL G  5

KOREA NORTH

PAL

   5

KOREA SOUTH

NTSC M

NTSC M  3

KUWAIT

PAL B

   2

LATVIA

PAL D (was SECAM)

PAL K  5

LEBANON

SECAM B

SECAM G  2

LIBERIA

PAL B

PAL H  5

LIBYA

SECAM B

SECAM G  5

LITHUANIA

PAL D (was SECAM)

PAL K  5

LUXEMBOURG

PAL B/SECAM L

PAL G/SEC L  2

MADAGASCAR

SECAM K1

   5

MADEIRA

PAL B

   

MALAGASY

SECAM K1

   

MALAWI

PAL B

PAL G  5

MALAYSIA

PAL B

   3

MALI

SECAM K1

   5

MALTA

PAL B

PAL H  2

MARTINIQUE

SECAM K1

   

MAURITANIA

SECAM B

   5

MAURITIUS

SECAM B

   5

MEXICO

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

MONACO

SECAM L

   2

MONGOLIA

SECAM D

   5

MOROCCO

SECAM B

   5

MOZAMBIQUE

PAL B

   5

NAMIBIA

PAL I

   5

NEPAL

PAL B

   

NETHERLANDS

PAL B

PAL G  2

NETH. ANTILLES

NTSC M

NTSC M  

NEW CALEDONIA

SECAM K1

   

NEW GUINEA

PAL B

PAL G  4

NEW ZEALAND

PAL B

PAL G  4

NICARAGUA

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

NIGER

SECAM K1

   5

NIGERIA

PAL B

PAL G  5

NORWAY

PAL B

PAL G  2

OMAN

PAL B

PAL G  2

PAKISTAN

PAL B

   5

PANAMA

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

PARAGUAY

PAL N

PAL N  4

PERU

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

PHILIPPINES

NTSC M

NTSC M  3

POLAND

PAL D

PAL K  2

PORTUGAL

PAL B

PAL G  2

PUERTO RICO

NTSC M

NTSC M  1

QATAR

PAL B

   2

REUNION

SECAM K1

   

RUMANIA

PAL D

PAL K  2

RUSSIA

SECAM D

SECAM K  5

RWANDA

SECAM K1

   5

SABAH/SAWARA

PAL B

   

ST. KITTS

NTSC M

NTSC M  

SAMOA (US)

NTSC M

   1

SAUDI ARABIA

SECAM-B/PAL-B

SECAM G  2

SENEGAL

PAL

   5

SEYCHELLES

PAL B

PAL G  5

SIERRA LEONE

PAL B

PAL G  5

SINGAPORE

PAL B

PAL G  

SLOVAK REPUBLIC

PAL

PAL  2

SOMALIA

PAL B

PAL G  5

SOUTH AFRICA

PAL I

PAL I  2

SPAIN

PAL B

PAL G  2

SRI LANKA

PAL B

   5

SUDAN

PAL B

PAL G  5

SURINAM

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

SWAZILAND

PAL B

PAL G  

SWEDEN

PAL B

PAL G  2

SWITZERLAND

PAL B

PAL G  2

SYRIA

SECAM B

   2

TAHITI

SECAM K1

   

TAIWAN

NTSC M

NTSC M  3

TANZANIA

PAL B

PAL B  5

THAILAND

PAL B

   3

TOGO

SECAM K

   5

TRINIDAD TOBAGO

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

TUNISIA

SECAM B

   5

TURKEY

PAL B

PAL G  

UGANDA

PAL B

PAL G  5
UKRAINE PAL / SECAM D-K    5

UNITED ARAB EMIR.

PAL B

PAL G  2
UNITED KINGDOM   PAL I  2

UPPER VOLTA

SECAM K1

   

URUGUAY

PAL N

PAL N  4

USA

NTSC M

NTSC M  1

VENEZUELA

NTSC M

NTSC M  4

VIETNAM

PAL B

PAL G  3

YEMEN

PAL B

   2

YUGOSLAVIA

PAL B

PAL G  2

ZAIRE

SECAM K1

   

ZAMBIA

PAL B

PAL G  5

ZIMBABWE

PAL B

PAL G  5

NTSC: National Television System Committee. Developed in the U.S., it was the world's first color TV system. Broadcast started in 1954.

Basic Parameters NTSC M
line/field 525/60
horizontal frequency 15.734 kHz
vertical frequency 60 Hz
color subcarrier freq. 3.579545 MHz
video bandwidth 4.2 MHz
audio carrier 4.5 MHz (FM)

PAL: Phase Alternation Line. Developed in Germany. Based in the NTSC system, it was modified to avoid color distortion. Broadcast started in 1967.

Basic Parameters PAL B-G-H PAL I PAL D PAL N PAL M
line/field 625/50 625/50 625/50 625/50 525/60
horizontal frequency 15.625 kHz 15.625 kHz 15.625 kHz 15.625 kHz 15.734 kHz
vertical frequency 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 60 Hz
color subcarrier freq. 4.433618 MHz 4.433618 MHz. 4.433618 MHz. 3.582056 MHz. 3.575611 MHz.
video bandwidth 5.0 MHz 5.5 MHz. 6.0 MHz. 4.2 MHz. 4.2 MHz.
audio carrier 5.5 MHz. (FM) 6.0 MHz. 6.5 MHz. 4.5 MHz. 4.5 MHz.

SECAM: Sequential Couleur Avec Memoire. Developed in France. Broadcast started in 1967.


Basic Parameters SECAM B-G-H SECAM D-K-K1-L
line/field 625/50 625/50
horizontal frequency 15.625 kHz. 15.625 kHz.
vertical frequency 50 Hz. 50 Hz.
video bandwidth 5.0 MHz 6.0 MHz.
audio carrier 5.5 MHz (FM) 6.5 MHz (FM) except AM for SECAM L

In general, these subsystems are used for broadcast in:

B VHF
G UHF
H UHF
I VHF/UHF
D VHF
N VHF/UHF
M VHF/UHF
K UHF
K1 VHF/UHF
L VHF/UHF

PLAYBACK SYSTEMS:
The following are not broadcast systems, but playback systems that
can be found on some VCRs.
 

MESECAM:
VCRs featuring MESECAM will record SECAM signals in such a fashion, that can be later viewed on PAL TVs. This system is incompatible with both PAL and SECAM, and  a MESECAM VCR is required to play MESECAM tapes.

PAL-60:
Also called "NTSC playback on PAL TV". A VCR featuring PAL-60 will output a 60-Hz video signal with PAL color. The resulting signal is partly NTSC (NTSC synchronisms) and partly PAL (PAL color), and will be viewed on PAL TVs that are 50/60 Hz ready. If PAL TVs are not 50/60 Hz compatible, vertical size will be incorrect, and/or picture will roll vertically. This signal may not be recorded on PAL nor NTSC VCRs.

NTSC 4.43:
This system is identical to the US NTSC 3.58, except for a different color subacarrier frequency. Tapes recorded in NTSC 4.43 VCRs can be played on NTSC 3.58 VCRs, and vice versa.

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